How to Treat Heat Stroke
To people who have garnered a craze to roam in the sun, summers offer them a great time to play outdoors. Having lot many things to do, we sometimes are utterly oblivious of observing precautionary measures as well when going under the sun. It occurs by the time your body temperature soars to an abnormal limit that your body is unable to regulate.
First aid steps:
- Shift the victim into a relatively cool area.
- Contact local emergency service.
- Slackening patient’s attire.
The suggestion aims at shedding off the excessive amount of heat trapped by the patient.
- Determining the victim’s vital signs and the degree of consciousness.
In such a condition there is a highly risk of temperature, heart and respiratory rate to be skyrocketing. The skin of the patient may turn red and dry. He could have sustained hallucinations. The worse situations may feature a patientvictimized by unconsciousness or possibly may venture into coma.
- Help the patient drink some mineral fluid.
In case the victim is in his senses, direct him to take sips of water. Advise him to sip bit by bit. You can also suggest him some instant oral re-hydration solution.
- Keep a constant watch over the condition of the patient.
Closely monitor the changes appearing on the victim. It is mandatory for the medical team to be equipped appropriately to dispense proper treatment at the spot.
- Begin with the very ABC’s of first aid.
Lookout for factors, such as, an open air passage, rate and depth of breathing. In case the patient has slid into coma and ceased to breathe, do CPR, or else lift his legs to facilitate healthy circulation.
- Lowering victim’s temperature by cooling.
This is very important and you can manage it:
- Shower the patient with cool water or better immerse him possibly in a tub.
- Fan the victim.
- Place ice packs or a drenched cloth immersed in cold water over zones of body under prickly heat attack, like armpits, head, back of the neck and groin areas.
DOs and DON’Ts of the condition:
- Prevent the patient from taking coffee, tea or alcohol; these accelerate dehydration.
- Wearing lightweight and loose clothing avoiding go out in hot days is recommended.
- Individuals exposed to the risk of heat stroke are usually athletes, infants, elderlies and the ones operating out in the sun for long durations. A thyroid imbalance may also trigger this condition.
- Human body requires water, electrolytes and nutrients, specifically during and post hectic activity in the sun.
- Beware of all the signs and symptoms of a possible heat stroke during hot days in particular. This will enable you attend in no time to the victims of the stroke. Following are a few points for considerations:
- Does the victim have high body temperature?
- What you see in a flushed or dry skin?
- Is he showing any sign of delirium or is restless?
- Can he breathe without obstruction?
- Has he an active pulse rate?
Heat stroke is quite occasional in the summer season. Wear light and cozy dresses and maintain a hydrated level while you proceed out in the sun there.
Filed Under: Conditions & Treatments