How to Donate Bone Marrow
There is a rising demand for bone marrow donors today. Whether you have a specific person you need to aid or you only require to enroll as donor for somebody who could be an appropriate match; there directions and merits you need to qualify. Following are some of the tips you may require while donating bone marrow:
To be a donor, you need to get registered among bone marrow donors in your region or liaise with the National Bone Marrow Donor Program.
- Be informed
It’s worthwhile that you learn the essential information prior to going through any procedure. If there are no recipients yet on your charge, manage to go in seminars on bone marrow transplants and donations. In case you have already been donating, physicians and other health practitioners will guide you the essential steps involved in bone marrow donation.
- Physical examination
You’ll have to undertake a self physical exam to establish if you’re stable enough to go through the procedure.
- Medical conditions and guidelines
There are some conditions that may prohibit you from donation. Before you are declared a donor, you’ll have to produce your medical history. Respond to the questions righteously. You may not be disqualified from bone marrow donation in case the process revealed negative effects on your condition. This will also protect the patient because you could have transmitted diseases on to him.
- · Finding a match
Having once registered as donor for a friend or family member, the doctor would require assessing if you’re the right match for the patient. This is carried out employing human leukocyte antigen typing (HLA). This protein type is transferred from parents to the offspring, therefore brothers and sisters are the most compatible matches for each other.
- · The procedure
You will be anesthetized before operation. The practitioner will employ a specialized needle to extract liquid marrow out of you. Do anticipate some side effects a couple of hours to some days after the process once finishes. Side effects may feature soreness at the spot of inoculation, headaches and muscle aches.
A fit donor must be aging between 18 – 60 years. The process involves anesthesia as the prerequisite to the procedure. An elderly donor may encounter an exceeding measure of anesthetic side effects than a younger one.
- Body mass
Your BMI is to be determined. This tool calculates the magnitude of your body fat vis-à-vis your weight and height. Normally a BMI ranges between 18.5 and 24.9. Overweight and underweight people are not encouraged to donate bone marrow for safety reasons.
Sometimes there are health conditions that disqualify your status as a ‘potential donor’. Given below are a few conditions that would debar you from donation. In some instances, you have to undertake advanced determinations and adjustments before being declared as ACCEPTABLE!
- Autoimmune disorders
Disorders such as multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus and fibromyalgia will question your status as a potential donor. You can be permitted to donate bone marrow if you have Grave’s disease that has been successfully dealt with.
- Infectious diseases
You would be prevented from being a donor if you’ve been declared Hepatitis B or C positive. Similarly, being a positive tuberculosis or mantoux will also hinder you from donating bone marrow. HIV or AIDS victims are strictly prohibited to donate bone marrow for a considerable length of time. For detailed information you can also contact your regional donor center.
- Bleeding disorders
Individuals having hemophilia, aplastic anemia and Factor v disorders are not qualified for donors. A record of more than 1 deep vein thrombosis will also disqualify you from the donation.
- Respiratory Disorders
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, such as emphysema and cystic fibrosis will prohibit you from donating bone marrow.
The above laid account is just a small portion of what you need to learn when planning to donate bone marrow. To explore a thorough knowledge about dispensing the whole practice in a variety of situations, it would be much in the fitness of things to consult your reliable practitioner or your local donor center.