How to Choose a Birth Control Method
Objectives of birth control may vary, such as one couple may prevent just pregnancy while the other may wish to prevent sexually transmitted diseases also. Below is a mention of different approaches toward controlling a birth vis-à-vis their effectiveness and the risks involved.
In this methods male withdraws just before ejaculation and ejects sperms outside the vagina.
- Benefits: No need to use a condom.
- Risks: It is extremely unsafe method as it does not guarantee any birth prevention. Sperm can enter vagina using the pre-ejaculatory penile fluid as vehicle. STI risk is also there.
- Effectiveness: Less effective.
- Best for: Couples who have strong grip over controlling ejaculatory time and don’t need any pregnancy.
Using condoms —Barrier Method
As is evident from the term “barrier” — this method induces a physical barrier for the sperms to enter vagina. Barriers may include condoms for men and diaphragms and cervical caps for women.
- Benefits: Condoms are cheaper and available over the counter and prevent STDs.
- Risks: Female condoms are not as preventive as male one. Same is the case against protecting STIs. There is a 1% likelihood of getting pregnant in case the condom gets punctured.
- Effectiveness: Male condoms are more effective than the female condoms.
- Best for: People doing sweeping partners or those who have held penetrative sexual relations with different people before their current partner.
Birth control medication
These have to be taken daily at a particular time. A regular intake releases hormones that inhibit ovulation and ultimately the pregnancy.
- Benefits: These offer a woman the essential option to control birth without depending on males.
- Risks: It can interfere with the intake of other medicines not compatible with it. A day’s miss or mismanagement of time may render the whole method ineffective. STI risk is also there as there is no physical barrier. Complications for women. Doctor’s advice is required.
- Effectiveness: Effective
- Best for: Where there is no risk of STI and the women is not repulsive to pills.
Birth control inoculation
This comprises a Hormone injection administered to woman on quarterly basis.
- Benefits: Huge gap, three months, between shots.
- Risks: STI risks and certain side effects as caused by pills.
- Effectiveness: Effective
- Best for: Women who forget to take pills or couple who have not shown any STI symptoms.
Emergency Contraception Pill
Famously referred as the Morning After Pills are to be taken within the seventy two hours after an unprotected sexual intercourse.
- Benefits: Forthwith prevention even without having sought any prior protection.
- Risks: Must be harnessed soon after copulation under a registered practitioner’s prescription. Working largely depends on the time post-copulation the pill was taken vis-à-vis your ovulation stage. STI risk as usual.
- Effectiveness: Very effective if administered at the right time.
- Best for: Emergent situations such as unplanned sex, a broken condom or failure to take birth control pills two days in a row, etc.
You ought to predetermine your preferences as per your physical conditions and urgency of the need before choosing a method. Remember that the effectiveness of any method will depend greatly on your commitment and the right selection.
Filed Under: Sexual Health